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江西省上饶驼峰鼻矫正多少钱万年县妇幼保健人民中医院整形中心上饶韩美美容医院激光去胎记多少钱 上饶快速祛咖啡斑哪家医院好

上饶广丰区做鼻尖整形多少钱The educational materials教育材料presented here were developed by students是由爱荷华州立大学食品科学和人类营养系的and faculty of the department of food science全体教员和学生开发出来and human nutrition at Iowa State University.并呈现在这里的Funding for this project was provided by grants这个项目的资金from the American Cancer Society Midwest是由美国中西部癌症协会和and the Lance Armstrong Foundation.兰斯阿姆斯特朗基金会拨款的The materials are intended for educational use这些材料是供教育使用的and are not meant to provide medical advice.并不提供医疗建议We welcome your feedback about these materials;我们也欢迎你们对这些材料提供反馈please use the evaluation survey link on the请使用我们主页上的评估调查连接home page to provide your comments and suggestions.提供你们的和建议This presentation will examine这项陈述将the prevalence and implications of malnutrition研究营养不良in children afflicted with cancer as well as在患癌儿童中的患病率和对他们的影响intervention methods for health professionals.以及健康专业人士对该病的干预措施There are few things in life that are as tragic生活中很少有事情像and heart breaking as a child diagnosed with a life一个孩子被诊断得了绝症那样让人悲痛和心碎threatening illness. In the ed States alone2007年仅在美国approximately 10400 children under the age of 15就有将近10400个15岁以下的儿童were diagnosed with cancer in 2007 and approximately被诊断为患有癌症1545 of these children passed away from their disease.其中约有1545个孩子因这种疾病死亡Although this makes cancer the leading cause of death尽管在孩子中by disease among children advances in medical therapy癌症已经成为药物治疗疾病中的头号杀手and disease management have made long term survival但是疾病管理已经much more achievable. The overall cure rate for使长期存活成为可能childhood cancer now exceeds 70% and is projected to现在儿童患癌的整体治愈率已经超过70%soon reach 85% in industrialized nations; therefore预计在工业化的国家将很快达到85%因此major attention is being placed on reducing the现在主要精力将集中在降低治疗引起的副作用side effects of therapy such as malnutrition.例如,营养不良Studies actually suggest that up to 46% of children with实际上,调查显示高达46%的患癌儿童cancer experience malnutrition. Malnutrition is患有营养不良characterized by either a deficiency or an excess of营养不良的特征是能量缺乏或者能量过剩energy with measurable adverse effects on clinical这会对临床结果产生严重的副作用outcome. It’s also really important to point out需要指出的是,能量,that energy, meaning calories, is the key component of即卡路里是产生营养不良主要的原因malnutrition, vitamin and mineral deficiencies also维生素和矿物质缺乏也对greatly contribute to overall malnutrition and health.整体营养不良和健康有很大的影响Children with cancer are particularly vulnerable to患癌儿童尤其容易患营养不良malnutrition because they require additional nutrients因为患儿为了正常成长发育in order to obtain proper growth and development and以及与疾病抗争to fight off their disease.需要额外的营养物质Before we take a look at the causes of malnutrition我认为在检查儿童癌症期during childhood cancer and the corresponding side导致营养不良的原因及其副作用之前effects I think it is important to understand how to重要的是要懂得如何评估孩子的营养状况assess the nutritional status of a child. There is目前,我们对如何界定儿童营养不良一事currently no consensus on how to define malnutrition尚未达成共识in children but the most common practices involved但最常见的做法就是plotting weight to height ratios. Weight and height绘制体重身高比例图are usually plotted on standardized growth charts.标准生长曲线图上常常包括体重和身高Once a child’s placement has been determined on the一旦一个儿童在生长曲线图上的位置被确定growth chart this number can be converted to what is此数字就可以转换成所谓Zknown as a Z score. A Z score is a numerical summary一个Z就是一个数字摘要of each child’s placement relative to a reference它总结了每个儿童相对于参考人口的定位population and are used to compare and assess data可以用来比较和评估不同年龄不同性别between different ages and genders. Once a Z score之间的数据 一旦Z确定了is determined a child can be placed on what is儿童就可定位在known as a standard, normal distribution graph.一个标准的正态分布图上This graph puts the average variable that is being这个图表的中心是被测量的平均变量measured in the centre of a chart, any child任何身高或体重Z 超过2个标准差的儿童whose height or weight Z score is more than 2无论其Z值是高于平均值standard deviations greater or less than the mean is或者低于平均值considered to have significant growth abnormalities.均被视为明显的异常生长Thus is the child fell 2 standard deviations below the这就是为什么Z低于平均值的2个标准差mean he or she would be considered to be malnourished.的儿童会被视为营养不良However, studies have shown that simple weight,然而研究表明 简单的体重和身高测量height measurements are often inaccurate depending往往是不准确的其数据也要取决于on the type of tumor such as large solid tumors.肿瘤类型,比如大型实体肿瘤Other practices include tracking voluntary food intake其他做法有跟踪采食量and comparing intake to the required or将其摄入量与所需或推荐准则相比较recommended guidelines. If the child was eating如果儿童摄入的能量低于其预计能量less than 70% of his or her estimated energy需求的70%那么requirements then he or she would be considered将被视为营养不良malnourished. Another way is to take anthropometric另一种方法是对肱三头肌皮褶厚度measures of the tricep skin fold thickness to进行人体测量,以确定人体内脂肪determine adipose or fat energy reserves.或脂肪的能量储备If less than the 5th percentile for age and测量值不足其年龄和性别水平sex the patient would be considered malnourished.所需脂肪的百分之五的患者 将被视为营养不良201412/350966上饶祛痘坑多少钱 An essential mineral found in nearly every cell of your body, zinc is an immune-system booster that also plays a key role in muscle, nerve, and brain function.身体每个细胞中几乎都有这种必需矿物元素,锌可以增强免疫系统,在肌肉,神经和大脑运作中也发挥着关键作用。You Will Need你需要Oysters牡蛎Red meat红肉Beans蚕豆Cashews腰果Almonds杏仁Zinc-fortified breakfast cereal加锌早餐粮Milk牛奶Crab (optional)螃蟹(可选)Lobster (optional)龙虾(可选)Pork (optional)猪肉(可选)Chicken (optional)鸡肉(可选)Turkey (optional)火鸡(可选)Steps步骤Never change your diet without first consulting your physician.在咨询医生之前,千万不要改变饮食习惯。Step 1 Eat oysters1.食用牡蛎Eat oysters, which are the no. 1 source of zinc. Six oysters contain about 76 milligrams, which is more than 700 percent the recommended daily allowance.食用牡蛎,这是含锌最丰富的食品。六只牡蛎中含有大约76毫克锌,比每天建议摄入量高出7倍。If oysters arent for you, crab and lobster also contain high amounts of zinc.如果你不喜欢吃牡蛎,螃蟹和龙虾中也含有丰富的锌。Step 2 Enjoy red meat2.享用红肉Enjoy red meat once or twice a week to boost zinc intake. A 3-ounce serving of beef has nearly 6 milligrams of zinc, more than half the recommended daily allowance of around 10 milligrams for adults.每周食用一或两次红肉来增加锌的摄入。一份3盎司的牛肉中含有接近6毫克锌,成年人每天建议摄入量10毫克的接近一半。Chicken and turkey are heart-healthy alternatives that also contain zinc.鸡肉和火鸡不仅含有丰富的锌,也对心脏健康有益。Step 3 Have a side of beans3.吃一些蚕豆Have a side of beans with your meal. Baked beans, lima beans, kidney beans, and chickpeas are top sources of zinc.正餐中加一点蚕豆。烘烤蚕豆,利马豆荚,四季豆和雏豆都有高含量的锌。Step 4 Snack on nuts4.嚼坚果Snack on nuts, like cashews. One serving has more than 10 percent of your daily allowance of zinc. One serving of almonds will give you another 7 percent.吃一点坚果,例如腰果。一份腰果中含有的锌超过每日建议摄入量的10%。一份杏仁又可以补充7%。Step 5 Eat fortified cereal5.食用加锌谷类Eat a bowl of zinc-fortified breakfast cereal, which has one-quarter of the recommended daily allowance. Top it off with zinc-rich milk for an extra mineral boost.每天食用一碗加锌早餐粮,可以提供每日建议摄入量的四分之一。再喝一杯含锌丰富的牛奶来加强锌的摄入。Zinc is known as ;the great protector,; for its use in protecting, or galvanizing other metals.锌被誉为“最好的保护物”,用于保护或镀焊其他金属。视频听力节目由。 /201308/253947万年县奥美定取出多少钱

弋阳县妇幼保健人民中医院打玻尿酸多少钱Show off the natural beauty of your diamond ring by periodically cleaning it at home with a few common household products.使用一些常见的家庭物品,定期清洁你的钻戒,让它散发出钻石的天然美。You Will Need你需要1/4 c. ammonia1/4杯氨水Dishwashing liquid洗洁精Toothbrush牙刷Toothpaste牙膏Lint-free towel无绒的毛巾Rubber gloves (optional)橡胶手套(可选)Steps步骤STEP 1 Soak1.浸泡Soak the ring for 20 minutes in a mixture of 1 cup warm water and 1/4 cup ammonia.将1杯温水和1/4杯氨水混合,浸泡钻戒20分钟。Wear rubber gloves to protect your hands.戴上橡胶手套来保护双手。STEP 2 Rinse2.清洗Rinse the ring in a solution of warm water with a splash of dishwashing liquid.用温水和洗洁精的混合溶液来清洗钻戒。STEP 3 Scrub gently3.轻柔地刷洗Gently scrub around the diamond and the ring with a toothbrush. Use the bristles of the toothbrush to clean hard-to-get-to areas around the diamond. Use toothpaste to scrub the diamond.用牙刷轻柔地刷洗钻石和戒指周围。用刷毛来清洁钻戒周围难以够到的部位。用牙膏来擦拭钻石。STEP 4 Rinse4.清洗Rinse the ring thoroughly with warm water.用温水彻底清洗钻戒。STEP 5 Dry5.擦干Set the ring on a lint-free towel and let it dry.把戒指放在无绒毛巾上,晾干。STEP 6 Show off6.展示Show off your sparkling clean diamond.现在可以炫耀一下闪闪发光清洁无尘的钻石了。Approximately 65 percent of all diamonds come from African countries.大约65%的钻石来自非洲国家。视频听力译文由。201409/331538 上饶祛疤专业医院江西省上饶丰胸多少钱



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