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上饶市中医医院光子嫩肤手术多少钱

2018年02月23日 12:31:03|来源:国际在线|编辑:百科新闻
Now in a sense, when we think about the effect of games on the brain,从某种意义上来说,我们可以认为对于大脑的影响its very similar to the effect of wine on the health.和酒对于健康的影响很相似。There are some very poor uses of wine.喝酒可能会造成很糟糕的结果,There are some very poor uses of games.玩也是。But when consumed in reasonable doses, and at the right age,但是如果在年龄合适的时候适当地喝一些,wine can be very good for health.酒可以很有利于健康。There are actually specific molecules that have been identified in red wine as leading to greater life expectancy.实际上,红酒已经被鉴定出含有能让人延年益寿的分子。So its the same way, like those action games have a number of ingredients that同样的,动作里也有能对大脑的可塑性,are actually really powerful for brain plasticity, learning, attention, vision, etc.学习,注意力,视力等方方面面有非常有力影响的成分。and so we need and were working on understanding what are those active ingredients所以我们现在需要做也正在做的就是了解这些积极的成分,so that we can really then leverage them to deliver better games,然后为了教育或病人的复原either for education or for rehabilitation of patients.真正地利用它们开发出更好的游戏。Now because we are interested in having an impact for education or rehabilitation of patients,既然我们关注的是对于教育和病人复原造成影响,we are actually not that interested in我们并不太关心那些how those of you that choose to play games for many hours on end perform.连续玩很多个小时的人的表现。Im much more interested in taking any of you我更感兴趣的是从你们中随便选一个人and showing that by forcing you to play an action game,然后明强迫你玩动作游戏I can actually change your vision for the better,能提高你的视力,whether you want to play that action game or not, right?不管你到底想不想玩动作游戏。Thats the point of rehabilitation or education.这也是医疗康复和教育的重点。Most of the kids dont go to school saying,大多数孩子不会上学的时候说;Great, two hours of math!;;太棒了!能上两个小时的数学课!;So thats really the crux of the research, and to do that, we need to go one more step.这也是做研究的难题,为了解决它,我们要往前再进一步。And one more step is to do training studies.而这往前的一步就是训练研究。So let me illustrate that step with a task which is called mental rotation.让我通过一个叫做“心智旋转”的任务告诉大家这一步到底是什么。Mental rotation is a task where Im going to ask you,心智旋转是一个要你们观察这个形状的任务,and again youre going to do the task, to look at this shape.这一次也需要大家都参与进来,Study it, its a target shape,看着它,这是我们的目标形状。and Im going to present to you four different shapes.现在我给你们看四个不同的形状。One of these four different shapes is actually a rotated version of this shape.这四个中的一个是由这个形状旋转得到的。I want you to tell me which one:我希望你们能告诉我是哪一个。the first one, second one, third one or fourth one?第一个,第二个,第三个还是第四个?Okay, Ill help you. Fourth one.好吧,这次我先公布,是第四个。One more. Get those brains working. Come on.再来一次。让你们的脑子动起来。Thats our target shape.这个是我们的目标形状。Third. Good! This is hard, right?第三个。很好!这有点难是吗?Like, the reason that I asked you to do that is because you really feel your brain cringing, right?我让大家做这个小游戏,就是因为它能让你们感到头脑在打结。It doesnt really feel like playing mindless action games.这和玩不需要动脑子的动作感觉不太一样。Well, what we do in these training studies is, people come to the lab,我们在训练研究中做的就是让来实验室的人they do tasks like this one,完成和这个任务类似的任务,we then force them to play 10 hours of action games.然后我们强迫他们玩十个小时的动作游戏。They dont play 10 hours of action games in a row.不是连续玩十个小时而是分散地玩,They do distributed practice, so little shots of 40 minutes several days over a period of two weeks.比如说在两周内的几天里每天花上40分钟。Then, once they are done with the training,然后等他们完成了训练,they come back a few days later and they are tested again on a similar type of mental rotation task.几天后再到实验室,并被测试相似类型的心智旋转任务的完成情况。201512/416864And beyond that, on behalf of your mother and sisters, I pledge that we, your blood family, will do all we can to continue the imaginative and loving way in which you were steerling these two exceptional young men so that their souls are not simply immersed by duty and tradition but can sing openly as you planned.另外,我代表你母亲和两个起誓,我们,你的骨肉亲人,将尽一切能力继续走你那极富创意和深具爱心的道路,引导这两个杰出的孩子,让他们的心灵不是束缚在职责和传统中,而是能如你期盼的那样自由地放声歌唱。We fully respect the heritage into which they have both been born and will always respect and encourage them in their royal role but we, like you, recognize the need for them, to experience as many different aspects of life as possible to arm them spiritually and emotionally for the years ahead. I know you would have expected nothing less from us.我们完全尊重他们出生的传统,我们也常尊重和鼓励他们肩负王室成员的职责。但我们也像你一样,认识到他们需要在尽量多的不同的生活层面上实践,使他们在精神和情感上武装起来,能够面对未来的挑战。我知道你一定要我们做到这一点。William and Harry, we all cared desperately for you today. We are all chewed up with the sadness at the loss of a woman who was not even our mother. How great your suffering is, we cannot even imagine.威廉和哈里,我们全家今天竭尽全力地爱护你们,我们大家正被失去亲人的痛苦折磨,何况她是你们的母亲,我们无法想象你们忍受的伤痛是多么的剧烈。I would like to end by thanking God for the small mercies he has shown us at this dful time. For taking Diana at her most beautiful and radiant and when she had joy in her private life. About all we gibe thanks for the life of a woman I am so proud to be able to call my sister, the unique, the complex, the extraordinary and irreplaceble Diana whose beauty, both internal and external, will never be extinguished from our minds.最后,我要感谢天主,在这可怕的悲痛的同时,还是给了我们许多的安慰。感谢天主,在戴安娜最美丽、最放光的时刻,在她私生活里最快乐的时刻,把她带走了。最重要的,我们要感谢她的一生。我如此骄傲,可以叫她,她是最独特的,最多元化的,最优秀的,无可替代的。她的美丽,不论内心还是外表,在我们心里永不磨灭。 /201310/260431

As we look, we get into all sorts of uncomfortable areas.如我们所见,我们涉及各种各样艰难的领域We look, for example, about the fact我们来看一个例子,现实情况是that we share at least 95 percent of our DNA我们用95%的人类的DNAwith chimpanzees.与大猩猩进行对比What are we to make of the fact得出的事实是that we differ from them only really by a few nucleotides?人类和大猩猩的DNA只是在一些核苷酸上有所不同And as we get farther and farther with our science,科技越发展we get more and more into a discomforted zone我们越会涉及到让人苦恼的领域where we have to acknowledge我们必须承认that the simplistic categories weve had那些沿用的简单的分类are probably overly simplistic.是过于简单化了So were seeing this正因如此,我们正在审视着in all sorts of places in human life.人类生活中的各个领域One of the places were seeing it, for example,其中的一个领域,举个例子in our culture today, in the ed States today,就是我们的文化领域,当今美国的文化领域is battles over the beginning of life and the end of life.热议着生命的起源和终结We have difficult conversations我们有一个艰难的讨论about at what point we decide a body becomes a human,关于我们什么时候从一个躯体变成了一个人类such that it has a different right than a fetal life.从而有了不同于胎儿的权利We have very difficult conversations nowadays --我们当今有一个非常有争议的话题——probably not out in the open as much as within medicine --也许在外部不如在医学界内争论的激烈——about the question of when somebodys dead.是关于何时认定为人死亡的疑问In the past, our ancestors never had to struggle so much过去,人死的时候with this question of when somebody was dead.我们的祖先从来不会过多的纠结于此At most, theyd stick a feather on somebodys nose,最多也就是把一个羽毛粘在人的鼻子下and if it twitched, they didnt bury them yet.如果羽毛动了,旁人就不会把他们埋掉If it stopped twitching, you bury them.如果羽毛不动,就会埋了他们But today, we have a situation但是如今的情况都是where we want to take vital organs out of beings我们希望把死者的器官and give them to other beings.移植到其他人的身体上And as a consequence,结果were stuck with having to struggle with this really difficult question我们开始纠结在上面所提到的难题中about whos dead,关于到底死了没有and this leads us to a really difficult situation这导致我们进入一个很困难的情况where we dont have such simple categories as weve had before.这个情况没有之前简单的分类了Now you might think that all this breaking-down of categories现在你也许会想,所有的这些正在崩溃的分类would make somebody like me really happy.也许会让像我这样的人感到高兴Im a political progressive, I defend people with unusual bodies,我是一个在政治观点上不断进步的人,我维护那些身体异于常人的人but I have to admit to you that it makes me nervous.但是我必须承认,这种改变让我感到不安Understanding that these categories认识到这些分类制度are really much more unstable than we thought makes me tense.比我们想象的还不稳定,使我感到紧张And it makes me tense同时,我的紧张来自于from the point of view of thinking about democracy.民主的观点So in order to tell you about that tension,所以,为了告诉大家这种紧张的程度I have to first admit to you that Im a huge fan of the Founding Fathers.我首先要承认,我是国父们的忠实粉丝I know they were racists, I know they were sexist,我知道他们是种族主义者,他们是男性至上主义者but they were great.但是他们非常伟大I mean, they were so brave and so bold我的意思是,他们是如此的英勇、无畏and so radical in what they did并且积极的从事他们的事业that I find myself watching that cheesy musical ;1776; every few years,我自己每隔几年就要重新去欣赏那个挺土的音乐剧“1776”and its not because of the music, which is totally forgettable.并不是因为音乐好,音乐是完全可以被忽略的Its because of what happened in 1776是因为1776年围绕着with the Founding Fathers.建国者们发生的事情The Founding Fathers were, for my point of view,建国者们,我认为他们是the original anatomical activists,最早的解剖学活动家and this is why.这是我爱他们的原因What they rejected was an anatomical concept他们反对了一个解剖学的概念and replaced it with another one并且用另一个取而代之that was radical and beautiful and held us for 200 years.这个新进的美好的概念保持了200年So as you all recall,大家回忆一下what our Founding Fathers were rejecting was a concept of monarchy,我们的建国者们反对的是一个君主制度的概念and the monarchy was basically based并且这个君主制是基于on a very simplistic concept of anatomy.过于简单化的解剖学概念上的The monarchs of the old world旧体制下的帝王们didnt have a concept of DNA,没有DNA的概念but they did have a concept of birthright.但是他们遵从的是“出身”的理念They had a concept of blue blood.他们有贵族的概念They had the idea that the people who would be in political power他们认为,身在政治权力下的人should be in political power就应该掌握权力because of the blood being passed down是因为贵族血统要from grandfather to father to son and so forth.从祖父到父亲到儿子一代代传承The Founding Fathers rejected that idea,建国者们反对这种观点and they replaced it with a new anatomical concept,他们用一种新的解剖上的概念取而代之and that concept那种概念就是was all men are created equal.人人平等They leveled that playing field他们消除了等级观念and decided the anatomy that mattered并且确定解剖学的重要性was the commonality of anatomy,在于全民平等not the difference in anatomy,而不是出身的贵贱and that was a really radical thing to do.在当时那确实是一个很激进的改革Now they were doing it in part某种程度上,这种改革现在仍然在进行because they were part of an Enlightenment system因为他们是启蒙运动系统的一部分201508/394692

Thats not true.这是错的。In seven years, we could pull off an industrial mission to Shackleton and demonstrate that you could provide commercial reality out of this in low-earth orbit.七年之内,我们能够胜利完成一项去沙克尔顿(有水的月球环形山)的工业计划,显示人类能利用月球能源在近地轨道上提供商业活动Were living in one of the most exciting times in history.我们正处在人类历史上最令人兴奋的时代之一。Were at a magical confluence where private wealth and imagination are driving the demand for access to space.我们处在一个魔幻般的交汇口,这里个人财富和想象力正推动着人们进入太空的需求。The orbital refueling stations Ive just described could create an entirely new industry and provide the final key for opening space to the general exploration.我刚才描述的太空轨道加油站能够创建一种全新的工业而且提供一把开启全面探索太空之门的钥匙。To bust the paradigm a radically different approach is needed.打破固有模式需要一种全新的方法。We can do it by jump-starting with an industrial Lewis and Clark expedition to Shackleton crater,我们可以发起一次象路易斯和克拉克穿越美国一样具有历史意义的对沙克尔顿环形山的工业探索,to mine the moon for resources, and demonstrate they can form the basis for a profitable business on orbit.以开采月球资源,明它们可以成为在轨道上可盈利的商业活动的基础。Talk about space always seems to be hung on ambiguities of purpose and timing.当人们讨论太空探险时,似乎总是故意把目的和时限定得模模糊糊。I would like to close here by putting a stake in the sand at TED.作为结束,我现在就在TED作出承诺。I intend to lead that expedition.我志在领导这项太空远征。It can be done in seven years with the right backing.有合适的持,这件事可以在七年内完成。Those who join me in making it happen will become a part of history and join other bold individuals from time past who, had they been here today, would have heartily approved.加入我完成此事的人将会和那些历史上其他用于探索的人一起,永垂史册,他们今天如果在这里,也定会诚心赞同。There was once a time when people did bold things to open the frontier.人们曾经勇敢地开启边疆之门。We have collectively forgotten that lesson.我们做为一个整体已忘记那一课。Now were at a time when boldness is required to move forward.100年前欧内斯特沙克尔顿先生说过我们需要的是胆气才能前进,100 years after Sir Ernest Shackleton wrote these words,I intend to plant an industrial flag on the moon and complete the final piece that will open the space frontier, in our time, for all of us.现在也是一样,我要在月球表面插一面工业的旗帜。在我们的时代,为我们所有人,完成将会开启航天边疆之门的最后一项任务。Thank you.谢谢。201512/415559

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