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2017年10月24日 08:21:54来源:同城在线

  • Standing beside a stainless-steel fermentation tank, Rohit Dugar explained the concept behind his latest beer, Young Master Classic.罗希特·杜加尔(Rohit Dugar)站在不锈钢发酵罐旁介绍他最新推出的啤酒少爷经典(Young Master Classic)背后的理念。#39;It#39;s a hoppy pale ale, but not too bitter,#39; he said, pouring a small amount into a glass. It smelled of citrus zest and passion fruit.他往杯子倒了少量酒,说道:“这是有啤酒花苦味的淡色麦啤,但又不会太苦。”闻起来有柑橘和和百香果的味道。#39;That#39;s from the Australian Galaxy hops we use in the dry-hopping,#39; Mr. Dugar explained.在香港品尝手工精酿啤酒杜加尔解释说:“那种味道来自我们在‘冷泡啤酒花’工艺过程中(即在啤酒发酵完成后添加啤酒花浸泡)使用的澳大利亚Galaxy啤酒花。”It was a scene familiar to any fan of small-batch, artisanal craft beer: the gleaming brewing equipment, the by smell, the bulging sacks of malted barley. The setting, however, was remarkable: the sun-filled but cramped fourth floor of a factory building overlooking Hong Kong#39;s East Lamma Channel, container ships passing just a few hundred meters in the distance.喜欢小规模手工精酿啤酒的人应该很熟悉这种场景:闪闪发光的酿酒设备,酵母发酵的气味,大袋大袋的大麦麦芽。环境却是很不错:在一座工厂建筑的四层,阳光灿烂但略显拥挤,可俯瞰香港东寮海峡(East Lamma Channel),集装箱运货船就在远处几百米的地方驶过。Mr. Dugar hopes his brewery, Young Master Ales, will revolutionize the drinking scene in a city where beer has long meant indistinguishable industrial lagers. And he isn#39;t alone. This month, Young Master will be joined by three more Hong Kong breweries making their debut at Beertopia, a craft-beer festival now in its third year.杜加尔希望自己的少爷麦啤 (Young Master Ales)酿酒厂能彻底改变香港的啤酒格局。在这个城市,啤酒向来意味着毫无辨识度的产业化拉格啤酒(lagers)。他并不是孤军奋战。这个月,少爷麦啤将和香港另外三家酿酒厂共同在Beertopia手工啤酒节首次亮相。该啤酒节已经举行过两届。#39;After the first Beertopia [in 2012], craft beer just exploded,#39; said Chris Wong, who runs HK Brewcraft, a home-brew shop in Central. #39;Hong Kong people love trying something new. This is known as a food heaven, so that bodes well for beer.#39;Chris Wong在香港中环经营着一家名为HK Brewcraft的自酿啤酒店。他说:“2012年首届Beertopia啤酒节举行后,手工啤酒一下子火了。香港人喜欢尝试新东西。这里是有名的美食天堂,所以对啤酒来说是个好兆头。”In the U.S., craft-beer sales have boomed even as the overall beer market stagnates. The Brewers Association now counts 2,483 craft breweries, defined as independently owned operations that produce less than six million barrels of beer a year. (By comparison, AB-InBev, the world#39;s largest beer company, produces a total of 339 million barrels of beer a year.) Hong Kong#39;s craft-beer market is still marginal, but Mr. Wong sees a recent surge of interest in home-brewing as a leading indicator.在美国,虽然整个啤酒市场陷入萧条,但手工啤酒的销售却呈现旺盛势头。美国啤酒酿造商协会(Brewers Association)统计目前共有2,483家手工啤酒厂,手工啤酒厂是指独立经营、每年产量低于600万桶的酿酒厂。(全球最大啤酒公司百威英(AB-InBev)每年生产3.39亿桶啤酒。)香港的精酿啤酒市场依然处于边缘地带,但Wong发现最近人们对自酿啤酒的兴趣大增,表明自酿啤酒还是很有希望的。#39;Home-brewing is the backbone of the brewing scene in any city,#39; he said.他说:“在任何一个城市,自酿啤酒都是酿酒业的中坚力量。”Mr. Dugar won last year#39;s inaugural Hong Kong Homebrew Competition with his Hong Kong Black Ale, a roasty but light-bodied brew with hints of coffee and chocolate.去年,杜加尔凭借自己的香港黑麦啤(Hong Kong Black Ale)获得了香港首届自酿啤酒大赛(Hong Kong Homebrew Competition)的冠军。这款啤酒味道浓郁但酒体轻盈,有一丝咖啡和巧克力的味道。#39;I got more serious about home-brewing after I came to Hong Kong because, until a few years ago, if you wanted good beer, you had to make it yourself,#39; he said.他说:“我来香港以后对自酿啤酒有了更严肃的认识,因为在几年前,如果你想喝好啤酒,就得自己动手。”Born in New Delhi, 34-year-old Mr. Dugar studied business at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire-where he also had his first taste of craft beer.Darren Hayward/The Wall Street Journal少爷麦啤酿酒厂老板罗希特#8226;杜加尔(Rohit Dugar)。34岁的杜加尔在新德里出生,在新罕布什尔州的达特茅斯学院(Dartmouth College)学过商科。他也是在那里第一次喝到手工精酿啤酒。#39;The first one I actually remember is Old Brown Dog,#39; a hoppy brown ale by New Hampshire#39;s Smuttynose Brewing Company. His interest blossomed after he moved to New York, where he worked as an investment banker, and it followed him to Hong Kong when he took a job with Goldman Sachs in 2011.他说:“我记忆中第一次喝的是Old Brown Dog。”这是一种有啤酒花苦味的棕色麦啤,由新罕布什尔州的Smuttynose酿酒厂生产。他搬到纽约后对手工精酿啤酒的兴趣大增,那时他从事投资工作。这种兴趣一直伴随他在2011年接受高盛(Goldman Sachs)的工作来到香港。His plan for Young Master was hatched not long after, when the sudden popularity of imported craft beer made Mr. Dugar decide there is a market in Hong Kong for local brews. #39;I want to use the best ingredients, never compromise-no filters, no pasteurization, no stabilizers, natural carbonation,#39; he said.由于进口手工精酿啤酒突然流行起来,杜加尔认为本地自酿啤酒在香港是有市场的,不久后便萌生了开设少爷麦啤酿酒厂的想法。他说:“我想用最好的原料,决不妥协——不用过滤器,不用加热杀菌法,不用稳定剂,只需要自然的碳酸化作用。”Working with Ulrich Altbauer, a German-born brewmaster, Mr. Dugar dipped into his savings and rented three factory units in the seaside industrial district of Ap Lei Chau. After obtaining a food-factory license-a novel experience, since the government#39;s Food and Environmental Hygiene Department had never licensed such a small brewery before-he had brewing equipment custom-made to fit the low ceilings and tight quarters of Hong Kong#39;s concrete industrial blocks.和德国酿酒大师乌尔里希·阿尔特鲍尔(Ulrich Altbauer)一起,杜加尔拿出自己的积蓄在鸭?洲(Ap Lei Chau)滨海工业区租了三间厂房。他还为酿酒厂领到了食品加工厂许可,这件事挺新鲜的,因为香港食物环境卫生署(Food and Environmental Hygiene Department)以前从来没有给这么小的酿酒厂发过许可。由于香港的混凝土工业区楼层很低,空间狭小,所以他专门定制了酿酒设备。The next step was to make the beer, an evolving process as Mr. Dugar refines his recipes, which include the potent 1842 Imperial IPA; the Rye Old Fashioned, a rye beer matured with wood chips tossed in the fermenter, which gives it an oaky taste; and the Cha Cha Soba Ale, a light, dry beer made with unmalted Chinese buckwheat and matcha green-tea powder, meant to evoke the crispness of Japanese soba noodles. Mr. Dugar is brewing a high-proof version of the rye beer that will be aged for several months in barrels previously used to age rye whiskey, which Dugar hopes will lend it some of the spirit#39;s sweet, spicy character.下一步就是酿制啤酒。这是一个不断演进的过程,因为杜加尔总是在改进配方。其中包括了酒力强劲的1842 Imperial IPA;黑麦古典(Rye Old Fashioned),这是一种在发酵过程中加入了木屑酿制而成的黑麦啤酒,因此给它添加了些许橡木味道;Cha Cha Soba Ale则是一种淡干啤,由不发芽的荞麦以及日本抹茶绿茶粉制成,用这些原料是为了激发日本荞麦面的那种爽口感。杜加尔正在酿造酒精含量较高的黑麦啤酒,要在之前用于陈化黑麦威士忌的酒桶里进行数月的陈化。杜加尔希望能把威士忌的甜味和辣味传递给啤酒。Two kilometers to the east, another brewing venture is taking shape in Wong Chuk Hang, a strip of rusty old factories. New Empire Brewery will unveil its first beers-two pale ales, a stout and a series of one-off fruit beers-at Beertopia this month. Founded by 23-year-old Dan Rybinski, a former chef in the British Navy who #39;came to Hong Kong for a bit of holiday and never went back,#39; and local partner Troy Woo, New Empire aims to produce a line of ales somewhere between the hop-driven American approach and the malt-forward British sensibility.Darren Hayward/The Wall Street Journal越来越多的酒吧开始供应手工精酿啤酒,Roundhouse就是其中之一。东边两公里处的黄竹坑(Wong Chuk Hang)又有一家酿酒厂正在兴建。这一带也有很多老旧工厂。这家名叫New Empire Brewery的酿酒坊将会在本月的Beertopia啤酒节上推出首批啤酒——两款淡色麦啤,一款烈性啤酒和一系列一次性的果啤。酒厂的老板是23岁的丹·里宾斯基(Dan Rybinski),还有当地合伙人Troy Woo。里宾斯基曾在英国海军(British Navy)担任主厨,“来到香港只是为了度假,后来再没回去过”。New Empire Brewery希望生产一系列介于以啤酒花为主的美式啤酒和以麦芽为主的英式啤酒之间的麦啤。#39;There#39;s a lot of people who jumped on the craft-beer bandwagon and go extreme, with these very hoppy or high-alcohol beers. Maybe because I#39;m British, I don#39;t like that-I like balance,#39; said Mr. Rybinski, who has been home-brewing with his father since he was a teenager.里宾斯基从小就和父亲一起做自酿啤酒。他说:“有很多人进入精酿啤酒行业后会走极端,要么啤酒花味道很重,要么酒精度很高。可能因为我是英国人,所以我不喜欢那样——我喜欢平衡。” Another brewing venture, Nine Dragons Brewery, is being launched by German expat Simon Siemsgluess, who has brewed previously at Bavarian wheat-beer giant Paulaner#39;s operations in Germany and mainland China. Though he is still hunting for a suitable brewing space, Siemsgluess has aly started producing a pale ale and pilsner in Hamburg for export to Hong Kong.从德国来的西蒙·西姆斯格莱斯(Simon Siemsgluess)也开设了一家名叫九龙啤酒(Nine Dragons Brewery)的酿酒坊。他曾经在巴伐利亚小麦啤酒巨头柏龙啤酒(Paulaner)在德国和中国内地的分公司负责酿酒。虽然仍然在寻找合适的酿酒场所,但他已经开始在德国汉堡生产一款淡色麦啤和比尔森啤酒,用于出口香港。#39;The sooner I can start up in Hong Kong the better,#39; he said. #39;After all, why would a city like Hong Kong not be able to sustain a number of microbreweries and brewpubs, seeing that Singapore, Beijing and Shanghai can?#39;他说;“在香港越早开始越好。毕竟,既然新加坡、北京和上海都可以养活好多小啤酒厂和自制啤酒吧,那么香港这样的城市为什么不行呢?”Compared with New Empire, Nine Dragons and Young Master, the Hong Kong Beer Co. is big business, though its projected yearly output of 5,000 barrels-about 587,000 liters-is tiny by international craft-beer standards. (Young Master#39;s annual capacity is 1,500 barrels; New Empire#39;s is 266 barrels.) Originally founded in 1995, the brewery was eventually shut down, and the brand and equipment were recently purchased by the founders of Singapore#39;s successful Brewerkz brewpub, who tapped veteran American brewmaster Simon Pesch to head up their Hong Kong operation.与New Empire Brewery、九龙啤酒和少爷麦啤相比,香港啤酒有限公司(Hong Kong Beer Co.)做的是大生意,不过每年计划产量也只有5,000桶,约58.7万升,按国际手工啤酒标准来看工厂规模很小。(少年麦啤的年产能为1,500桶,New Empire Brewery是266桶。)香港啤酒有限公司始建于1995年,后来倒闭了,其品牌和设备最近被新加坡成功的Brewerkz自酿啤酒吧创始人收购,他们聘请美国经验丰富的酿酒大师西蒙·佩施(Simon Pesch)负责在香港的业务。#39;We want to make a big impression right off the bat,#39; said Mr. Pesch, former head brewer at Pyramid Breweries, one of the largest producers of craft beer in the U.S. He arrived in Hong Kong in January with plans to produce a line of five American-style brews-a golden ale, pale ale, India Pale Ale, amber lager and oatmeal stout-that emphasize hop aroma over bitterness.佩施曾在美国最大手工啤酒生产商之一的Pyramid Breweries担任首席酿酒师。他说:“我们希望一上来就给人留下深刻的印象。”他1月份来到香港,计划生产由五种美式啤酒组成的系列产品——黄金麦啤、淡色麦啤、印度淡色麦啤、琥珀拉格啤酒以及燕麦黑啤。美式啤酒强调啤酒花香味多过苦味。#39;The big challenge is breaking the dominance of the macrobreweries in Hong Kong and carving out a niche for ourselves-so many of the taplines in this city are controlled by the major players,#39; said Jeff Boda, co-founder of Hop Leaf, which imports and distributes craft beer in Hong Kong. Though more Hong Kong restaurants and bars are offering craft beer on tap, Mr. Boda says many are restricted by exclusivity agreements with mass-market brewers, which often pay for the installation and maintenance of draft systems.香港手工啤酒进口和经销公司Hop Leaf联合创始人杰夫·达(Jeff Boda)说:“我们面临的一大挑战是打破大酒厂在香港的主导地位,为我们自己挖掘出一个细分市场——香港由大厂控制的啤酒管道太多了。”虽然越来越多的香港餐厅和酒吧提供桶装手工啤酒,但达说很多餐厅都受到与大众市场酿酒厂专属协议的限制。啤酒机的安装和维护通常都是由这些大公司出钱。#39;The market is out there, it#39;s just getting the product to them,#39; he said.他说:“市场是现成的,只要把产品推出去就行了。”Local brews can be sure of a spot at Tipping Point, a brewpub opened last month by American-born chef Que Vinh Dang that will dedicate 10 of its taps to craft beer. Three others will be connected directly to the bar#39;s own brewing tanks, squeezed into a small back room on the ground floor of the pub#39;s Wyndham Street space.本地酿酒厂在Tipping Point啤酒吧肯定有一席之地。这家啤酒吧上个月刚开业,位于云咸街(Wyndham Street),老板是出生于美国的大厨Que Vinh Dang。店里会有10个龙头提供手工精酿啤酒,另外三个龙头则直接连在了店里自己的酿制容器中,这些容器放置在后面的一个小房间里。#39;There are so many possibilities in terms of flavor profiles,#39; said Mr. Dang, an avid home-brewer whose previous creations have included a coffee and caramel porter, a honey rye IPA and a sticky-rice lemongrass beer with Citra hops that #39;came out smelling like litchi.#39;Dang是自制啤酒爱好者,之前有过很多创作,包括咖啡焦糖波特啤酒、蜂蜜黑麦IPA以及加入了Citra啤酒花的糯米柠檬草啤酒,这种酒“闻上去有点荔枝的味道”。If the reaction to Mr. Dugar#39;s beer is an indication, experimental brews could be an easy sell. #39;I drink a lot of wine and I don#39;t normally like beer-but I like this a lot,#39; said Kathy Wong, an education worker who visited Young Master#39;s brewery after her friend Ashley Ho about it online. Sitting in the brewery#39;s tasting room, she took a sip of the Hong Kong Black. #39;This one is my favorite. It#39;s not very strong on the first taste, but the aftertaste is very complex.#39;如果人们对杜加尔所酿啤酒的反应能说明问题,那么实验啤酒应该会很好卖。朋友Ashley Ho 在网上看到有关少爷麦啤的消息后,Kathy Wong去参观了酿酒厂。从事教育工作的Kathy Wong说:“葡萄酒我喝得很多,一般不喝啤酒,但我很喜欢这种啤酒。”她坐在酒厂的品酒室里,尝了一口香港黑啤。她说:“这款酒是我的最爱。初尝不是很烈,但回味很丰富。”Ms. Ho was partial to the 1842 Imperial IPA-so partial, in fact, that she bought a two-liter growler to take home with her. Later, the pair paid a visit to the Globe, a Central pub, to try different kinds of craft beer.Ashley Ho喜欢1842 Imperial IPA,喜欢到买了一罐两升的啤酒带走。后来,两个人去了位于中环的Globe酒吧尝试不同种类的手工啤酒。#39;And we just bought tickets to Beertopia,#39; said Ms. Wong. #39;I think these beers are very special. I#39;ve never tasted anything like this before.#39;Kathy Wong说:“我们刚买了参加Beertopia啤酒节的票。我觉得这些啤酒很特别。我以前从来没喝过这样的啤酒。”#39;There definitely is an appetite for craft beer and if it#39;s locally made, people are willing to pay a bit of a premium,#39; said Stuart Bailey, general manager of Diversified Events, which runs the Restaurant amp; Bar Hong Kong trade show and the annual Hong Kong International Beer Awards. #39;I#39;m feeling a bit smug at the moment because I predicted this five years ago and nobody quite believed me.#39;Diversified Events展会活动公司总经理斯图尔特·贝利说:“肯定有很多人喜欢喝手工啤酒,如果是本地酿制,人们应该会愿意多出点钱。” Diversified Events负责香港餐饮展(Restaurant amp; Bar Hong Kong)和一年一度香港国际啤酒奖(Hong Kong International Beer Awards)的筹办。贝利说:“我现在有点沾沾自喜,因为五年前我就预测到了,但没人相信我。”The first Beertopia event, created by Jonathan So to introduce craft beer to Hong Kong, drew more than 1,000 people to the historic Western Market in 2012. The next year, Mr. So moved the festival outdoors, to the West Kowloon waterfront.首届Beertopia 啤酒节由Jonathan So发起于2012年。目的是将手工啤酒引入香港,当时吸引了1,000多人前往历史悠久的西港城(Western Market)商场。第二年,So将啤酒节安排在户外,搬到了西九龙海滨。#39;We sp it across a whole day, with room for 6,000 people, and we still sold out of tickets,#39; he said.他说:“我们把一天安排得满满的,场地能容纳6,000人,但票还是卖光了。”This year#39;s edition will span three days, March 13 to 15, and offer more than 400 beers from around the world, including unusual offerings like tea-flavored beer from Beijing#39;s Great Leap Brewery, a Belgian quadrupel aged in red-wine barrels by Denmark#39;s Mikkeller and a beer made with mikan, a citrus fruit, by Japan#39;s Baird Brewing.今年的啤酒节持续三天时间,从3月13日到15日,提供来自世界各地的400多种啤酒,包括很多比较特别的啤酒,比如北京大跃啤酒(Great Leap Brewery)的茶味啤酒,丹麦Mikkeller的在红酒桶里陈化的比利时四料啤酒,还有日本Baird Brewing的一种由名叫mikan的柑橘类水果酿造的啤酒。Beyond the festival, craft beer is available at more and more bars, including the Roundhouse, which boasts 24 taps, and the Globe, which has installed a new 18-tap system to complement its extensive selection of bottles. Other standbys include Stone#39;s, a Tai Hang bar with a rotating selection of draft beers, the Beer Bay, which specializes in bottled British ales, and Dickens Bar, which has recently expanded its selection of craft beer on tap and in bottles. There#39;s a growing array of retail shops, including the Bottle Shop, Craftissimo and Sips, that specialize in bottled craft beer. HK Brewcraft offers both bottles and takeaway draft beer. Importers Hop Leaf and Americraft both maintain extensive online shops, with home delivery.Darren Hayward/The Wall Street Journal越来越多的酒吧开始安装专供手工精酿啤酒的出酒龙头系统。除了这个啤酒节,越来越多的酒吧也在提供手工啤酒,包括Roundhouse和Globe。Roundhouse拥有24个出酒龙头,Globe除了提供各种瓶装啤酒,还新安装了一套拥有18个龙头的啤酒系统。其他还有位于大坑区(Tai Hang)的Stone#39;s酒吧、Beer Bay和Dickens Bar。Stone#39;s轮换提供各类生啤,Beer Bay专营瓶装英式麦酒,Dickens Bar近期扩大了龙头和瓶装精酿啤酒的种类。专营瓶装手工啤酒的零售店也越来越多,包括Bottle Shop、 Craftissimo和Sips。HK Brewcraft既提供瓶装啤酒,也有可带走的生啤。进口商Hop Leaf 和Americraft都开设了大量网店,可送货到家。 /201404/289876。
  • As a terrifying outbreak of Ebola virus sps across west Africa, the world is beginning to wake up to the threat of a public health disaster in the region – and possibly more widely – but efforts to contain the epidemic require much more local co-ordination and global support. With more than 1,100 cases and 660 deaths reported so far, this is not only the largest Ebola epidemic to date but also the first to threaten urban west Africa, where populations are larger and more mobile than in the relatively isolated central parts of the continent affected previously.随着可怕的埃拉病毒在西非各地不断蔓延,世界开始对西非(抑或更广泛地区)爆发一场公共健康灾难的威胁警觉起来,但遏制疫情需要当地更多的合作和全球的持。迄今报道的感染人数超过1100人,死亡人数为660人,这不仅是历史上最严重的埃拉疫情,而且还是该病毒首次威胁城镇化率更高的西非地区——与此前爆发疫情的相对封闭的中非地区相比,西非人口更多,而且流动性也更强。Ebola’s scary reputation is based on its lethality – the virus kills about 60 per cent of those it infects – and the lack of any effective treatment beyond making sure that patients are kept fully hydrated. But it is not as contagious as some other germs such as influenza that can sp considerable distances through the air. People catch Ebola by physical contact with an infected person or animal; scientists believe fruit bats, often eaten as bushmeat in Africa, are a reservoir of infection.埃拉病毒的可怕名声源于其致死率(约为60%),而且除了确保病人充分补水以外,目前还无其他有效的治疗方案。但它的传染性不如流感等其他病毒,后者可以通过空气传播至相当远的地方。埃拉病毒通过与受感染患者或动物的物理接触传染。科学家相信,在非洲常被当作野生动物食用的果蝠是埃拉病毒的宿主。Sophisticated healthcare, with quick diagnosis of suspected cases followed by barrier nursing and medical care, could halt the epidemic. The challenge is to provide that – or something closer to it than exists in much of west Africa today – in a region where the public health infrastructure is generally poor.成熟的医疗卫生,加上对疑似病例的快速诊断,再加上隔离看护和治疗,可能阻止疫情的传播。挑战在于,一个公共卫生基础设施普遍匮乏的地区很难提供这些务。西非大部分地区的医疗水平与之相距太大。The World Health Organisation is aly co-ordinating regional action with west African governments, and the medical assistance body Médecins Sans Frontières is active in the fight against Ebola, alongside some smaller western health charities. But they need more help from governments and agencies in the developed world, such as the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention.世界卫生组织(WHO)已在与西非各国政府协调地区行动,医疗援助机构“无国界医生组织”(Medecins Sans Frontieres)与一些较小的西方医疗慈善机构一起,也积极参与到抗击埃拉病毒的行动中。但它们需要来自发达世界的政府和机构——比如美国疾病控制与预防中心(US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention)——的更多帮助。The first requirement is for better and faster diagnosis so that doctors can tell as quickly as possible whether someone is infected with Ebola, which resembles many other illnesses in its early symptoms. Because samples from suspected Ebola patients are an extreme biohazard risk, they must be handled in high-containment testing facilities, which are in short supply in west Africa.第一个需求是更快更好的诊断,让医生可以尽快确诊某人是否感染埃拉病毒。感染该病毒的初期症状与其他许多疾病类似。由于从疑似感染埃拉病毒患者提取的样本的生物危害风险极大,因此必须在高防护的检测中心检测这些样本,但这些设施在西非供应不足。Then patients must be treated in complete isolation by staff wearing full protective clothing (masks, gloves, gowns and goggles), with all equipment sterilised and patients kept away from friends and family. The World Medical Association warned yesterday that serious shortages of protective equipment were putting the lives of doctors and nurses at risk in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone; indeed several health workers, including two Americans, have aly been infected. Health workers fighting bravely in the front line against Ebola deserve all the technical help they can get.接下来病人必须接受完全隔离治疗,由穿着全套防护(面罩、手套、长袍和护目镜)的医疗人员护理,对所有设备消毒,禁止病人与朋友和家人接触。世界医学会(World Medical Association)昨日警告称,防护装备严重短缺正让几内亚、利比里亚和塞拉利昂的医生和护士的生命处于危险当中;实际上,包括两名美国人在内的多名医护人员已经受到感染。勇敢地战斗在抗击埃拉病毒第一线的医护人员,理应获得他们能够获得的所有技术援助。While equipping and protecting staff properly is a matter of money and logistics, unhelpful social and cultural attitudes in west Africa will be harder to tackle – and will need assistance from local religious and political leaders.为医护人员提供合适的装备和保护是资金和后勤的问题,而更大的问题在于西非的社会和文化态度,它们对于抗击疫情毫无帮助,这将需要当地宗教和政治领导人出手干预。Many people in the region are suspicious of western healthcare and would rather take care of infected family members in the community than send them to an isolation hospital which they see as a place to die. Traditional death rituals, such as washing the body before a funeral, must also be suspended for Ebola victims.该地区的许多人不相信西方的医疗保健,宁愿在社区里照顾受感染的家人,也不愿送到被他们视为死亡之地的隔离医院。因感染埃拉病毒而死亡的患者也不应举行传统的死亡仪式,比如在葬礼前清洗尸体。While Ebola is primarily a health issue, it could quickly become an economic crisis, too, for the region. Travel restrictions are appearing; yesterday Liberia closed most of its border crossings in an effort to halve the sp of the disease and Arik Air, a leading Nigerian airline, stopped flying from Liberia and Sierra Leone. The threat to international business and investment in west Africa should add weight to the humanitarian arguments for more decisive action against Ebola.尽管埃拉病毒主要是一个健康问题,但它可能很快演变为该地区的经济危机。已经出现了一些旅游禁令;昨日利比里亚关闭了大多数边界通道,以努力阻止埃拉病毒的传播,尼日利亚主要航空公司Arik Air停飞了从利比里亚和塞拉利昂出发的航班。不论是出于人道主义,还是考虑到埃拉对西非国际企业和投资造成的威胁,各方都应对埃拉病毒采取更果断的行动。 /201407/316554。
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